Tips for Windows XP and later(This section is now obsolete, but kept here for government workers).
- First Things to Change on a new XP Windows System
- Turn off nagging "Delete Warning".
Right Click on th Recycle Bin, select "Properties" and uncheck "Display delete confirmation dialog" box. You can always get the deleted file from the Recycle Bin anyway.
- Turn on showing of extensions
In Windows Explorer, select "Tools/Folder Options.../View" and unselect "Hide extensions for known file types". It's dangerous not to have it on. You can download a picture with a ".jpg" extension in the file name, but the real extension could be ".exe".
- Rename the extension on multiple files
To rename all xyz.jpeg to xyz.jpg enter "C:> ren *.jpeg *.jpg"
- Turn on ClearType
Start/Settings/Control Panel/Display/Appearance/Effects then set "Use the following method to smooth edges of screen fonts" to "ClearType". While you're there, uncheck "Show window contents while dragging", and "Hide underlined letters for keyborad..."
- Download Firefox.
Add these extensions: Linky, HTML Validator, Reload Every, Dictionary Search, Web Developer, Open Link In..., AdBlock, StumbleUpon, Linky, GreaseMonkey, Mouse Gestures Redox 2.0.3, Tab Mix Plus, Google Browser Sync, Tamper Data.
- add "C:\WINDOWS\system32\taskmgr.exe" to the startup menu so it launches at reboot
In Windows Explorer Select "Tools/Folder Options.../General/Double-click to open an item"
- Download TweakUI.exe to skip the windows xp logon screen.
Select "Start/Programs /Powertoys for Windows XP". Then select "Logon/Autologon" and check your main userid.
Select "Common Dialogs/Places Bar" and enter your favorite download sites.
- Install Unbuntu as dual boot.
- Set Windows to be the default operating system to be selected by GRUB
sudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst
set the line "default 0" to contain the number of the windows boot, typically 4.
- Turn off nagging "Delete Warning".
- Easy (Fairly) Safe Steps to Make Windows XP Faster
- Set XP for high performance.
Right Click on "My Computer", select "Properties", select the "Advanced" tab, under the "Performance" area select "Settings", select "Adjust for best performance" then select "OK".
- Disable Automatic Searching of Network Folders and Printers
In Internet Explorer select "Tools/Folder Options.../View" and uncheck "Automatically search for network folders and printers."
- Turn off Auto Indexing
Windows comes with an annoying indexing service, it's better to turn it off and use Google or Yahoo's desktop search engine instead. In windows explorer, right click on your "C:" drive. Select "Properties", then look at the "General" tab. At the bottom uncheck "Allow Indexing Service..."
- Look at your "Recycle Bin" and empty it if you really don't need those files.
- Disk Cleanup
On that same tab select "Disk Cleanup" and wait a few minutes. A window will appear with checkboxes. Check "Temporary Internet Files", "Offline Web Pages", "WebClient/Publisher Temporary Files", and "Temporary files". Check the others at your own risk. Leave the "Office Setup Files" as is. Don't make Office mad at you. Then select "OK".
- Defrag the drive
Whether or not this helps is up for debate, but it won't hurt your system. In windows explorer, right click on your "C:" drive. Select "Properties", then look at the "Tools" tab. Select "Defragment Now...", then select "Defragment".
Better yet, you can schedule a job to defrag your drive. Create a batch file, defragger.bat,
date/t & time/t C:\WINDOWS\system32\defrag.exe C: -v date/t & time/t
And then schedule "defragger.bat > c:\defrag.txt" to run once a week or month (or if your obsessive like me, once a day at 2am). See note below for details on scheduling.
- Remove extra startup processes
Select the "Start" button, then "Programs", then "Startup". Look at the programs that are automatically started each time you reboot. Right click on any that are not necessary and delete them.
- Remove extra programs
Select "Start", "Settings", "Add Remove Programs" and waste anything you don't need anymore.
- Remove SpyWare and Adware
tips on removing SpyWare.
- Remove extra graphical effects
Right click "My Computer", select "properties" select "advanced", select "performance settings". Check "adjust for best performance" and uncheck every check.
- Turn off error reporting in Windows XP
When a process is dying, dumprep.exe will gather up the pieces and send them to Microsoft for an CSI exam; well that's the idea. Do you really think they look at millions of core dumps to make XP better? yeah, I don't either. Anyway, to turn it off, Right click on "My Computer", select "Advanced/Error Reporting/'Disable error reporting'". Your computer will be happier.
- Set XP for high performance.
- Installing a second hard drive
After phyiscally installing the drive select "Start/Settings/Control Panel/Admin/Computer Management/Storage/Disk Management". Find your new drive in the list, right click and select "New Partion...". Take the defaults of the Partion Wizard. (If a new drive you can select "Quick Format").
- How to map drive to a directory.
This will create an "E:" drive and map it to the "C:\Edrive" directory.
subst E: "C:\Edrive"
- How to schedule a task in windows XP
To schedule a task, click Start, select Programs, select Accessories, select System Tools, select Scheduled Tasks.
- How to restart the audio
Annoyingly, the audio will just stop working for no apparent reason. Shut down all applications that could possibly think of using audio, like browsers and ITunes. Go to the services panel (Start/Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services), select "Windows Audio", cross your fingers, start and stop it a few times. This sometimes works.
- What version of the .Net Framework do I have?
Look at the directory C:\WINDOWS\Microsoft.NET\Framework. Each version of .Net will have its own subdirectory. If you see a directory named "v2.0.50727", you have .Net version 2.0. You will probably have more than one version on your box. There are many copies. And they have a plan.
- How to restart IIS from the command line?
- Set the Start Directory in Windows Explorer
Right-click on the Windows Explorer icon (on the desktop, if you've dragged it there or via the start menu). Select "Properties". To have Explorer start at the top of the C: drive, replace the value of "Target" with the following:
%SystemRoot%\explorer.exe /e, C:\
- How to map a local drive to a disk drive letter?
The "subst" command makes a new virtual disk drive. Here we are mapping "C:\EDrive" to "E:". Use "/D" to delete a virtual drive reference, and "/?" to get all options.
subst E: C:\EDrive
- Excel - How to extract only the date from a datetime cell?
Excel stores datetime as a serial number, e.g., 41154.3632011, where the decimal portion is the hours, minutes, seconds portion. So, by using the "int" function you can grab only the date, e.g., "=int(a1)"
- Excel - How to exchange rows and columns?
Select the data and copy it to the clipboard
Click where you want the data - must be outside the selected area.
Choose edit / paste special and check the "transpose" box
- Excel - How to interpolate missing data in a chart
Replace the empty or "NULL" cells with the special formula "=NA()" (not available).
Right click in your chart and select "Select Data Source", then click on "Hidden and Empty Cells", and set your preferences.
- Excel 2007 - How to add hours to a date
To add two hours to the date in A1: =A1+"2:00"
- How to create a self-signed certificate
makecert -r -pe -n "CN=mydomain.com" -b 01/01/2000 -e 01/01/2036 -eku 126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1 -ss my -sr localMachine -sky exchange -sp "Microsoft RSA SChannel Cryptographic Provider" -sy 12
- How to install the newly created certificate
Open "Internet Information Services", right click on "Default Web Site", select the "Directory Security" tab, select the "Server Certificate..." button.
- How to apply it to a virtual directory
Open IIS, right-click on the virtual directory, select the "Directory Security" tab. Under "Secure communications", select "Edit..." then check "Require secure channel (SSL)".
- How to create a self-signed certificate
- To use 'vi' from the SFU package in the cmd shell
Set the terminal type to interix, i.e., set TERM=interix
Windows-F launch the "Find" utility Windows-E launch Windows Explorer Shift-F10 open the right click context menu. Useful for creating files in Windows Explorer. Shift-F3 toggle selected text between upper-case, lower-case, and title case
- How to get rid of that annoying "Send Error Report to Microsoft" popup:
1. On the "My computer" icon, right click and select "Properties" 2. Select the "Advanced" tab, and then "Error Reporting" 3. Select "Disable error reporting" and uncheck the "But notify me..." option.
- To see what speed your processor is
In the file browser, right click on "My Computer" and select "Properties". The speed and RAM details are on the "General" tab.
- To create an Emergency Repair Disk:
- To map a drive:
net use z: \\vulcan\development /user:MyDomain\myusername /persistent:yes
- To access a cd drive from a distant virtual machine
When installing software on a virtual you often need to access a cd drive on a different machine. Go to the machine with the cd drive and share the cd drive as "d". On the virtual map a drive like "M:" to that other drive e.g., "\\mymachine001\d". Enjoy.
- To view which programs are associated with which extensions
- How to turn on showing of file extensions:
In Windows Explorer select "Tools/Folder Options.../View" and uncheck "Hide extensions for known file types"
- To print a window.
PrtScrn will put a snapshot of the entire screen into the Clipboard;
"Alt-Print Scrn" will save only the active window.
Ctrl-"PrintScrn" -- pastes the current window into the clipboard
- Open "Paint" program and do a paste.
- PrtScrn will put a snapshot of the entire screen into the Clipboard;
- Display a complete tree
In Windows NT Explorer and in Microsoft Outlook, if you select a folder then press "*" on the numeric keypad (Num Lock can be on or off), the entire tree of sub-folders under the selected folder will be expanded. Pressing "-" on the keypad will collapse the tree again.
----------------------------------------------------------- from http://www.jsiinc.com/reghack26.htm#T501 How do I pipe the entire contents of a batch file (commands and responses) to a log file? The syntax is: Drive:\BatFolder\BatchName.bat>Drive:\LogFolder\LogName.log 2>&1 If you wish to fully log a scheduled job, put the command in another batch file. Example: c:\zzz\batch0.bat contains: c:\zzz\batch1.bat>c:\temp\batch1.log 2>&1 Then schedule c:\zzz\batch0.bat: AT hh:mm cmd /c "c:\zzz\batch0.bat" ----------------------------------------------------------- From http://ci.ml.org/ntsecrets/info/secrets.htm Question: How do I schedule a batch job to run automatically? Answer: Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Scheduled Tasks ----------------------------------------------------------- ******************************************************************* From ZDNet: Scheduling a reboot of your server If you would like to reboot your Windows NT server, but don't want to have to be there to do it, you can use the shutdown Windows NT Resource Kit utility, along with the at command, to schedule a reboot of your server. (You can download the Windows NT 4.0 Resource Kit Support Tools, which include the shutdown utility, by going to http://www.microsoft.com/ntserver/nts/downloads/recommended/ntkit/ default.asp. The at command is included with Windows NT Server 4.0.) The shutdown utility requires that you use several parameters. These include /L (to specify that you want to shut down the local computer), /R (to specify that you want to reboot after the shutdown of your server), and /Y (to specify that you want to answer "yes" to all questions). For example, to shutdown and reboot your local server, you should type: shutdown /L /R /Y When you're ready to schedule the shutdown command to run, begin by starting the Schedule service in the Services icon within Control Panel. After starting the Schedule service, schedule shutdown to run by typing the following command: at time /next:date command. For example, to schedule the shutdown to run every Saturday at 3:00 P.M., type the command: at 15:00 /every:Saturday c:\ntreskit\shutdown /L /R /Y to change the title on a command window in NT c:>title my new title to change the permissions on the command line (like chmod) attrib -r myfile.dat To put multiple commands in a console, separate them with '&' c:>dir & pwd You can change the Start menu delay in displaying sub-menus. Bring up REGEDT32. Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\ControlPanel\Desktop, MenuShowDelay:. Set REG_SZ: to anything between 0 (fastest) and 4000 (slowest). Launch Windows NT faster by adjusting the boot delay to 5 seconds or less. To make the change, open Control Panel/System and select the Startup/Shutdown tab. In the Show List For control, change the setting to the desired boot delay value. To bypass the boot menu altogether, set the delay value to 0. To refresh explorer enter F5. C:\>path=%PATH%;c:\fincher\bin If you want to be able to depress the TAB key to complete the file name you are typing at a command prompt, edit: HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Command Processor Double Click on CompletionChar or add value of REG_DWORD, set it to 9. You will need to reboot. c:>nbtstat -R Successful purge and preload of the NBT Remote Cache Name Table. c:>netstat -a network status command for ports net use z: \\othermachinename\c to map a drive from another machine to z c:> net use //shows mapped drives c:> net user username // shows characterics of user like when the password expires c:> net view /domain: mycompanydomain // finds machines on the net c:\winnt\system32\drivers\etc\Hosts is where the local dns filelookup table lives. c:START notepad does a batch invocation, like & in unix CNTL-ESC is the same as the windows key. net send mfincher howdy mitch to send a message to mfincher on windows network net send /users "this is sent to all users of the machine." net send mfincher "this is a message only for mitch" In Internet Explorer to expand all folders below the currently selected one, press the "*" on the numeric keypad (not the "*" on the 8 key). To have a batch file "sleep" or "wait" use: perl -e "sleep(3);"
- To start and stop IIS from the command line
net START "World Wide Web Publishing Service" net STOP "World Wide Web Publishing Service"
- End of line characters
dos is CRLF mac is CR Unix is LF
- recursively copy over a network:
xcopy /e mydir1\* \\venus\\usr\mydir1
- Postscript command for duplex printing
Right before the line starting with "%%BeginProcSet: ", insert the
following two lines:
% Enable Duplex printing << /Duplex true >> setpagedevice
- Windows NT reboot
You can force NT to automatically reboot after a crash by setting the value of HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\CrashControl\AutoReboot to 1.
- To remove a directory:
rd x:\folder /S
Replace x:\folder with the drive letter and name of the folder you want to delete. use
rd x:\folder /S /Q
to have rd use "quiet" mode so it won't give you all the messages and warnings.
- To configure your ip settings
- To see your cached dns sites
- To flush (or reset) your dns settings
- To see your proxy settings:
- Toimport your proxy settings from IE
- Misc windows key settings: (from Ian P. Springer [[email protected]])
[Windows]F: Opens the Find dialog box [Windows]M: Minimizes all open windows [Windows]R: Opens the Run dialog box [Windows][Break]: Opens the System Properties dialog box [Windows][Tab]: Cycles through the programs on your taskbar [Windows][F1]: Opens Windows NT Help (regardless of the program you're working in--pressing [F1] by itself opens the current program's Help) bonus: [Ctrl][Shift][Esc] start Task Manager
- Why does only the first line of this Windows batch file execute?
Try putting a "call " infront of the first command.
call togglesql osql -S MyBoxName -E -Q "drop database SwitchBoard" osql -S MyBoxName -E -Q "create database SwitchBoard"
- Command line programs
Description Command Add/Remove Programs appwiz.cpl Administrative Tools certmgr.msc Check Disk Utility chkdsk Clipboard Viewer clipbrd Command Prompt cmd Component Services dcomcnfg Computer Management compmgmt.msc Date and Time Properties timedate.cpl Device Manager devmgmt.msc Direct X Control Panel (If Installed) - directx.cpl Direct X Troubleshooter dxdiag Disk Cleanup Utility cleanmgr Disk Defragmnt dfrg.msc Disk Management diskmgmt.msc Disk Partition Manager diskpart Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab Preselected) - control color Display Properties control desktop Display Properties desk.cpl Event Viewer eventvwr.msc Findfast findfast.cpl Folders Properties control folders Fonts Folder fonts Fonts control fonts Free Cell Card Game freecell Game Controllers joy.cpl Group Policy Editor gpedit.msc Hearts Card Game mshearts IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache Contents) - ipconfig /flushdns IP Configuration (Display Connection Configuration) - ipconfig /all IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ID) - ipconfig /showclassid IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache Contents) - ipconfig /displaydns IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP Class ID) - ipconfig /setclassid IP Configuration (Refreshes DHCP & Re-Registers DNS) - ipconfig /registerdns IP Configuration (Release All Connections) - ipconfig /release IP Configuration (Renew All Connections) - ipconfig /renew Iexpress Wizard iexpress Indexing Service ciadv.msc Internet Properties inetcpl.cpl Java Control Panel (If Installed) - javaws Keyboard Properties control keyboard Local Security Settings secpol.msc Local Users and Groups lusrmgr.msc Logs You Out Of Windows logoff Microsoft Chat winchat Minesweeper Game winmine Mouse Properties control mouse Mouse Properties main.cpl Netstat netstat Network Connections control netconnections Network Connections ncpa.cpl Network Setup Wizard netsetup.cpl Notepad notepad Nview Desktop Manager (If Installed) - nvtuicpl.cpl ODBC Data Source Administrator odbccp32.cpl Object Packager packager On Screen Keyboard osk Opens AC3 Filter (If Installed) - ac3filter.cpl Password Properties password.cpl Performance Monitor perfmon.msc Performance Monitor perfmon Phone and Modem Options telephon.cpl Power Configuration powercfg.cpl Printers Folder printers Printers and Faxes control printers Private Character Editor eudcedit Quicktime (If Installed) - QuickTime.cpl Regional Settings intl.cpl Registry Editor regedit Remote Desktop mstsc Removable Storage Operator Requests ntmsoprq.msc Removable Storage ntmsmgr.msc Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof) - rsop.msc SQL Client Configuration cliconfg Scanners and Cameras sticpl.cpl Scheduled Tasks control schedtasks Security Center wscui.cpl Services services.msc Shared Folders fsmgmt.msc Shuts Down Windows shutdown Sounds and Audio mmsys.cpl Spider Solitare Card Game spider System Configuration Editor sysedit System Configuration Utility msconfig System File Checker Utility (Purge File Cache) - sfc /purgecache System File Checker Utility (Return to Default Setting) - sfc /revert System File Checker Utility (Scan Immediately) - sfc /scannow System File Checker Utility (Scan On Every Boot) - sfc /scanboot System File Checker Utility (Scan Once At Next Boot) - sfc /scanonce System File Checker Utility (Set Cache Size to size x) - sfc /cachesize=x System Properties sysdm.cpl Task Manager taskmgr Telnet Client telnet Traceroute tracert <hostname or IP> User Account Management nusrmgr.cpl Utility Manager utilman Windows Firewall firewall.cpl Windows Magnifier magnify Windows Management Infrastructure wmimgmt.msc Windows System Security Tool syskey Windows Update Launches wupdmgr Windows XP Tour Wizard tourstart Wordpad write
- Command looping in winnt
Consider the following command: FOR /L %g IN (1,1,254) DO ping -n 2 200.200.200.%g In English, this command states that we want to "do" the ping command as long as the %g variable is within the range from 1 to 254. We specify the range for %g by using the syntax (start, step, end). Start indicates the starting value for %g (1 in this example), step indicates the number with which we want to increment %g (1 in our example), and end indicates the number at which we want to stop pinging. We've also limited the number of pings to 2 by using -n 2 (instead of the typical 4 for each computer. When you run this command, you'll see that your computer pings the following IP addresses: 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 ... 22.214.171.124 This tip was contributed by Rafael Sanchez, [email protected].
- Create a CD disk that automatically launches a web page
Create an autorun.inf file with the following contents and it will launch Internet explorer and show the "index.htm" page:
- Simulate a sleep or wait call
"-n" is the number of pings, which could roughly be proportional to the amount of time to wait in seconds. This is not really elegant, or even recommended, but in a pinch, it'll work to wait 5 seconds.
C:\WINDOWS\system32\ping.exe 127.0.0.1 -n 5 -w 5000 > nul
- Redirect std out and std error to the same file
MyCommand > My.log 2>&1
- Embed the date and time into a filename
MyCommand > MyDataFile_%date:~10,4%-%date:~4,2%-%date:~7,2%-%time:~0,2%-%time:~3,2%-%time:~6,5%.log
- Loop over arguments using SHIFT in a command batch file
rem loops through the arguments and qparses the qqc file rem example of how to use SHIFT to process arguments - also see FOR @echo on :LOOP echo "Compiling %1" cd C:\mrInterviewSource cd %1 call c:\home\mfincher\bin\qparse.bat %1 SHIFT IF "%1" == "" GOTO END GOTO LOOP :END echo "All Done."
- To see running processes (similiar to "ps" in unix)
- To kill a process (similiar to "kill" in unix)
taskkill /IM [BadExecutable].exe
- To see which version of Windows am I running
Select "Start/Run" and enter "winver"
- To view assemblies in the GAC (Global Assembly Cache) for pre-.Net 4.0 assemblies enter this in Windows Explorer
This will invoke the shfusion shell extension in Windows Explorer.
You can also use "gacutil.exe" to play with the GAC.
For .Net 4.0 check out %windir%\Microsoft.NET\assembly