Bible History

Timeline of Biblical History

Very Approx. Time Biblical Events & People

[Concurrent events]
Books of the Bible
before 4004bc Creation, Adam and Eve, Fall of Man, Flood, Noah, Tower of Babel Genesis 1-11
2166bc Abraham & Sarah, Isaac & Rebekah, Jacob(Israel), 12 tribes of Israel

[1st pyramids built, 2600bc, Stonehenge 2000bc]
Genesis 12-45, Job
1876, 1707bc Move to Egypt, 70 people, Joseph ruling under Pharaoh Genesis 45-50
1450bc Moses, 10 plagues, Passover, 1491bc, leave Egypt, 600,000 men, Law given in desert, tabernacles, sacrifices, wander 40yrs, manna Exodus, Leviticus,
Numbers, Deuteronomy
1410bc Conquest of Canaan, Jericho falls, Joshua, Samson, Gideon, Deborah, Judges

[King Tut of Egypt]
Joshua, Judges, Ruth
1050bc United Kingdom, Samuel, Saul, David, Solomon 1 & 2Samuel
1 & 2Kings
1 & 2Chronicles
Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiates, SongOfSolomon
931bc Divided Kingdom Rehoboam/Jeroboam, Ahab, Jezebel, Elijah, Isaiah, Amos

[Rome Founded 753bc,Homer writes Iliad and Odyssey 800?]
Joel, Amos,
Hosea, Jonah, Nahum
722bc Fall of the Northern Tribes (Israel) to Assyria. They are taken from Israel and never return in masse. Jerusalem withstands the attack. 2 Chronicles Zephaniah, Micah, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk
604bc Judah (South) subdued, but not destroyed by Babylon (Nebuchadnezzar), Daniel, et al, taken captive. Daniel
587bc (607?) Jerusalem destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar for rebellion. General Captivity of Jews. Only poor, unskilled left behind. Lamentations, Ezekiel, Obadiah
539bc Babylon overthrown by Medes & Persians(Cyrus the Great), handwriting on the wall.
Decree to rebuild Jerusalem by Cyrus, some leave Babylon and go back, Jews live under Persian rule, 2nd Temple rebuilt 515bc

[Confucius(551-479bc)Buda (561bc)]
Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, Zechariah, Esther, Malachi

333bc Alexander the Great defeats Persia and conquers most the the known world

[Socrates, Plato, Aristotle ]
323bc Ptolemies take over Palestine and Egypt, Alex's empire divided into four parts

199bc Selecids (Syria) take Palestine away from Ptolemies. Antichus Epiphenes Hellenistic vicious attempt to destroy Jewish religion
167bc Maccabean Revolt, Independent Jewish state
131bc Brutal struggle for power between Saducees and Pharisees
63bc Pompey, Romans take over Israel
51bc Cleopatra & Ptolemy XII inherit Egypt
27bc Caesar Augustus, Roman Emperor
5-3bc Jesus born
30ad Jesus Crucified
70ad Jerusalem, after 6 month siege razed by Titus 1.5 million Jews die
132-135ad In Israel, Simon bar Kokhba leads a rebellion against the Romans. He is hailed as the Messiah and gives Israel two and a half years of independence from the Romans. Emperor Hadrian sends General Julius Severus to crush the uprising. 580,000 Jews die directly from the war.
312-325ad Emperor Constantine, Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Edict of Milan, tolerance of Christians, Council of Nicaea
410ad Rome sacked by Aleric
570ad Mohammed born. 634 Syria falls, followed by Jerusalem, Egypt, Persia, & N. Africa
732ad Battle of Tours, Charles Martel
800 Charlemagne is crowned Western Roman Emperor
1000s The Crusades
1453ad Fall of Constantinople to Mahemet II